What is the Main Cause of Migraine?

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What is Migraine?

A migraine is a type of headache that causes intense, throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head. It can last for hours or even days. Migraines often come with other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.

Migraines can significantly affect daily life, making it hard to work, study, or enjoy activities. Treatment usually involves medications to relieve pain and prevent future attacks, as well as lifestyle changes to avoid triggers.

Some people find relief through rest in a dark, quiet room, applying cold packs, or using relaxation techniques. If you think you have migraines, it’s important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Dr. Rahul Mathur Consultant Neuropsychiatris

What is the Main Cause of Migraine?

It’s believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors.

  • Genetics: Many people with migraines have a family history of the condition. If one or both of your parents have migraines, you are more likely to develop them too.
  • Stress: Emotional stress is a significant trigger for many migraine sufferers. Anxiety, excitement, and any form of tension can lead to a migraine.
  • Foods and Drinks: Certain foods like cheeses, processed meats, chocolate, and drinks like alcohol and caffeine can trigger migraines.
  • Hormonal Changes: Many women report migraines linked to their menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or menopause. This suggests that hormonal fluctuations play a role.
  • Sleep Patterns: Both lack of sleep and too much sleep can trigger migraines. Maintaining a regular sleep schedule is important.
  • Sensory Stimuli: Bright lights, loud sounds, or strong smells can set off a migraine. Changes in weather or barometric pressure can also be triggers.
  • Medications: Some medications can trigger migraines. If you notice a pattern, it’s important to discuss this with your doctor.

Understanding your specific triggers can help manage and reduce the frequency of migraines.

Dr. Rahul Mathur
Consultant Neuropsychiatris

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